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Role of Nutrition in Sports Performance

Nutrition is very important for everyone and it should come with a balanced diet. But a good nutritional diet is most important for an athlete or a sportsperson. Many factors need to be kept in mind by a sportsperson, but nutrition is the most critical of all. Nutrition helps a sportsperson or an athlete to keep his or her energy level high and reduce lethargy. They need the right amounts of vitamins, minerals, and fiber along with carbohydrates and proteins. A sports nutritionist will always provide the athlete with a balanced nutritional diet that will help the athlete to perform without harming his or her health.

How does Nutrition Effect the Health of a Sportsperson?

Sports involve lots of rigorous training and exercise. The body gets dehydrated and the energy gets drained. To improve the performance and the health of an athlete, nutrition is very important. Good nutrition also helps in improving the immunity of the athlete and body composition. It also helps in improving the concentration and helps the athlete to focus on their goals. Nutrition also helps in delaying the fatigue that can come during the training. A good nutritional diet also helps an athlete to recover from any injury faster.

What Constitutes the Diet of a Sportsperson?

A sports nutritionist prepares a diet plan for the athlete based on various factors. These factors include carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, fibre, and minerals. The amount of the nutrients depends on the age, sport the athlete has chosen, genetics, lifestyle, etc. The nutritionist will provide a diet that is balanced and improves the body structure of the athlete. For example, if the athlete needs to lose weight, then the nutritionist will provide a diet plan that will help him or her to lose it and vice versa.

An athlete’s diet includes nutrients such as olive oil, nuts, avocado, healthy smoothies, protein shakes, etc. However, they are asked to refrain from having cakes, chips, biscuits, fried foods, etc.

What is the Importance of Carbohydrates for Athletes?

Sugar or glucose is very essential for increasing energy in the body. An athlete can improve their energy by increasing their intake of carbohydrates. However, if it is not included in the diet, then it can lead to lethargy and lack of energy to perform exercises or do rigorous training. Cereals and whole wheat bread are part of the daily diet of an athlete. The quantity of carbohydrates depends on the intensity of exercise the athlete has to go through. If the exercise time is more, then the body would also need to take in more carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates are given pre- and post-event and sometimes during the event to keep the energy level high. This includes a low-fat diet, fruit salad, sports bars, juices, cereals, etc.

What is the Role of Proteins in a Sports Diet?

Protein is very important in an athlete’s diet as it improves the body to deal with wear and tear. This means that if an athlete gets injured during the training or an event, then a good protein diet will help him or her to recover faster. Almost all the athletes and sportspersons are put on a high protein diet such as the consumption of eggs and protein shakes. However, this needs to be balanced with other nutrients as well.

Need for Supplements for Sportspersons

Many nutritionists include supplements in the diets of the athletes and sportspersons. These supplements are good for vitamin and mineral intake. They come in the form of tablets, powders, capsules, liquids, etc. However, the supplement intake is monitored by the nutritionist so that the performance of the athlete is not hindered.

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